The thesis explores interdependent relationship between architecture and politics. Architecture has been playing vital role in materializing political power through its physical appearance, decorated with excessive ornaments solely based on architects and political parties’ favouritism in symbols and representations. The thesis was first inspired by Palace of Versailles which is the symbol of French monarchy. What kind of architecture would best represent democracy? Browsing through the contemporary designs of political institute, one can notice that they demonstrate various architectural styles, such as Louis Kahn’s modernism and Enric Miralles’ deconstructivism, all constructed in different forms and materials that represent, in architects’ perspective, the country and its national characteristics.
My thesis argument is a critic to the inflexible style-driven architectural design of contemporary parliaments. Architecture of politics should be neutral; it allows intervention of political agendas into the generic space where people live and play, thus represents the nation through public realm. Taking Disneyland as reference, political agencies are allowed to impose new representations to the large-scale political institutions, propagating its influences through spatial intervention. It will not be permanent; these representations change along with the transformation of ruling party and its political movements.
The final chapter of the thesis envisions the benign and sinister scenarios of the new French parliamentary quarter based on the will of political powers. With the projected scenario of EELV’s win in French Election 2022, the parliamentary quarter takes on green political movement by transforming into a waste management centre in order to project sustainable future of France. On the other hand, the parliamentary quarter denatures into a dystopian world where fascism totalitarian took over the country. War and torture mask the institution with agony and sorrow of the people.